COVID-19 or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is attacking the respiratory system, causing flu and pneumonia.
This virus can cause minor problems in the respiratory system, severe lung infections, and death.
Symptoms of coronavirus
Anyone can be easy to infected with the coronavirus. However, babies and young children, also as people with weakened immunity, are more at risk of attack by this virus.
Seasonal conditions may also affect. In the United States, coronavirus infection is more common in the autumn and winter season.
Someone who lives or visits an area or country that is prone to the COVID-19 is also at risk of contracting this disease.
People with COVID-19 have mild symptoms, make the coronavirus spread is hard to detect.
Information about the symptoms will prevent us from getting worse, here are some of the common that appear in sufferers of COVID-19.
- Dry cough
- Feeling of tiredness
- Uncomfortable feeling
- Sore throat
- Loss of taste or smell
- Rash on skin
- Shortness of breath
- Feel like pressure in the chest
- Loss of ability to move and speak
COVID-19 Cases in the World
According to WHO, positive cases have exceeded 27 million, and the death rate is 900 thousand. The first case was found in Wuhan, China, and became a global pandemic.
How the coronavirus spreads
The World Health Organization (WHO) has released a statement regarding how this deadly virus spreads from one individual to another.
- Accidentally inhaling the saliva (droplet) that comes out when a person with COVID-19 coughs or sneezes.
- Touch the mouth or nose that has saliva from people with coronavirus.
- Close with people with COVID-19.
- Work in a place with bad conditions of circulation.
Prevention of exposure to the COVID-19 virus
We need to be careful in carrying out activities outside the home because it is difficult to detect who is carry this virus.
It could be that someone who looks healthy is carrying COVID-19.
If forced, you should pay attention to the following things to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus:
- Use a mask when you in a public area or crowds, and wash your hands regularly with soap and water.
- Use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol, especially after doing activities in public places.
- Do not touch your eyes, mouth, and nose before washing your hands first.
- Increase immune by healthy living lifestyle, eating nutritious foods, exercising, getting enough rest, and avoiding stress.
- Do not contact people who have a fever, cough, or flu.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing, and throw after previously being wrapped in plastic.
- Maintain cleanliness of the house and environment.
What to do when have had contact with a COVID-19 patient
Isolate for two weeks, for ensuring that a person does not develop an infection that can spread to other people.
Never leave the house, except to get treatment, avoid interacting with other people.
If you want to go to the hospital when your symptoms get worse, you should first contact the hospital to pick you up.
Do not share eating utensils, drinking, toiletries, or clothing with others.
Treatment of COVID-19 symptoms
No effective medication can treat infection of COVID-19.
Depend on the patient’s condition, some patients with mild or no symptoms will be advised to implement isolation protocol at home for 14 days while still taking steps to prevent the spread of this virus.
Doctors can also provide some steps to relieve symptoms and prevent the spread of the coronavirus, such as:
- Referring to people with severe COVID-19 for treatment and hospital referral quarantine.
- Providing fever and pain relievers are safe by the patient’s condition.
- Encouraging patients COVID-19 to carry out independent insulation and rest.
- Pay attention of water intake to maintain body fluid levels.
If you don’t have any symptoms, it is enough to stay at home for 14 days and limit contact with other people.
But If it’s getting worse, contact your doctor about what actions, vitamins, and medicine are needed.