Migraine; What Causes It, And Things To Avoid

Do you ever feel a migraine? Sick more than an ordinary headache, right? One in five women and one in 15 men reported frequent migraines. Migraine even began to be felt since childhood.

Apparently, there are many things that can trigger migraine attacks. Uncovering the cause of migraine can help you take control of this disease.

What is a migraine?

Migraines are headaches that arise due to changes in brain activity.

This change is to cause pain in the head with a throbbing sensation very, very painful.

Migraine is often followed by:

  • Increasing the body’s sensitivity to light, sound, and smell.
  • The pain may last a few hours to days.
  • Some other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, the pain behind one eye or ear, temporary loss of vision, and only occur on one side of the head.
  • Aura symptoms. Aura is a thrill you will usually feel before or when you’re having a migraine. This aura itself usually occurs 10 to 30 minutes. Conditions that would occur during the aura is a visual problem (such as bright lights, lines, or “Star”), a feeling of pins and needles in the neck, face, and hands. In addition, patients may have difficulty speaking or other basic capabilities (such as writing or reading).

Migraine is different from a headache

Migraine is a headache attack followed by severe pain, often made repeatedly impotent.

The pain was intense pulsed or pain, such as being hit by a hard object.

Migraine is often the case on one side of the head. However, the condition is classified as a derivative of a neurological disorder due to lowered resistance to stimuli cause of migraines.

While the leading group is a type of headache characterized by pain suddenly appeared in the back of the eye or the area around the eyes, but only on one side of the head.

The pain can last for at least 15 minutes to three hours. Unlike migraine, migraine is not a derivative of a nervous breakdown.

The most common cause of migraine
A matter of knowing the causes of migraine are more likely to take precautions to avoid migraine attacks successfully.

Here are some things that can cause migraines:

1. Genetic factors

Now researchers have been able to determine the swelling of blood vessels is one of many causal chains of migraine attacks, but this is not the main cause. All they know for sure, migraine is a neurological disorder origin.

Reports How Stuff Works, if their parents have a history of migraine attacks, you have a 50 percent chance of having the same conditions, if both parents have a history of this, your chances increase to 70 percent.

2. Certain foods and drinks

As report at healtline.com, Foods and beverages that contain ingredients such as monosodium glutamate and caffeine are believed to be the cause of migraines.

Both MSG and caffeine both can affect the central nervous system and blood vessels in the brain. As a result, the blood vessels in the brain constrict and contract.

Other foods such as cheese and chocolate can also trigger migraines. Chocolate has a substance suspected as the cause of migraines such as phenylethylamine, tyramine, and flavonoids. Unlike the two other substances, tyramine is an important substance for migraine triggers that can cause hormonal changes in the brain and affects blood flow.

In the same chocolate, cheese is a food that has tyramine. As a result, these foods can potentially trigger a migraine in people who are sensitive to tyramine or may experience changes in blood flow.

3. Menstruation

Changes in estrogen near or after the menstrual cycle of women believed to be the cause of migraines.

This is supported by studies report that 62 percent of participants experienced a migraine after completing their menstrual cycle.

Some of the literature, even adding that the cause of migraine because of hormonal changes of estrogen also can be experienced by women after menopause.

4. Climate change and the pungent aroma

Climate change and the sharp smell that can cause migraines. A study of several Brazilian adolescents reveals climate change hot, hot, cloudy, cold or suddenly can trigger migraine attacks.

Participants in the study also reported that a strange smell or sting can also cause migraine recurrence.

Perfume, acute food odors, and cigarette smoke are some of the most common examples of migraine recurrence.

5. Stress

Emotional states increase or decrease a person suddenly can trigger a migraine.

Under pressure, one brain releases chemicals that cause changes in the body and the brain, such as muscle tension and blood vessel dilation.

Interestingly, stress can occur in both happy times and frustrating. In some cases, find new migraine after a stressful time has passed or completed, or when you have entered the period of relaxation.

How to find a migraine trigger themselves?

Every day, the things that are around and all that experience and the meal can be the cause of migraine recurrence.

However, it is not easy to detect the cause of their migraines. Because migraine triggers can be a combination of several things, or only at certain times.

In some cases, you might have predicted. When you feel like eating chocolate, but actually having a migraine, you may assume that chocolate is the cause of your migraines.

But other times, you have experienced a migraine, even before eating chocolate.

The cause of migraine generally has a body of work in the 48 hours before a migraine attack coming.

One way you can do to solve this problem is to create a notebook on everything that could be repeated migraine triggers before you. Good luck!

Various natural migraine medications that you can try at home

Although migraine is one of the most common health conditions, this disease can hamper your daily activities if not treated properly.

In addition to painkillers sold without prescription in drug stores or pharmacies, you can also use natural remedies to relieve migraine attacks.

Even so, you should consult with your doctor first to ensure the security of natural migraine medication below. Because natural migraine medication may react differently to each person. Remember, natural is not necessarily always safe.

In general, here are some natural migraine drug options that you can try at home:

1. Acupressure

Acupressure is an alternative medicine practice by pressing certain points of the body to ease the pain of his fingers.

According to a 2014 study, acupressure is effective for chronic headaches.

A separate study also said that acupressure can help relieve migraine-related symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting.

Even so, you should consult with your doctor first to ensure the security of natural migraine medication below. Because natural migraine medication may react differently to each person. Remember, natural is not necessarily always safe.

2. Put the mint oil on the forehead and temples

The menthol in mint oil can relieve symptoms of migraine recurrence.

According to a 2010 study of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in Iran, rubbing mint oil smeared on the forehead and temples that are more effective for relieving pain and nausea caused by migraine from migraine drug use (drug substance placebo without contents).

3. Inhale the scent of lavender

According to a study published in the European Journal of Neurology in 2012, known by inhaling the aroma of lavender essential oil can relieve migraine headaches mainly triggered by stress.

The study found that people who inhaled the scent of lavender oil for the recurrence of migraine can heal faster than those using the empty drug (placebo).

Not only that, but lavender oil is also often used to relieve stress, help you sleep well, to deal with the symptoms of anxiety and depression. Lavender oil can be used if inhaled or applied to the skin.

4. Drink warm ginger

Ginger is a natural herb that is widely used as an alternative medicine for a variety of conditions, one of them is a migraine.

According to research from Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, powdered ginger tea and then took the migraine drug sumatriptan can quickly relieve the symptoms of migraine.

5. Routine doing yoga

Yoga is a natural migraine medication that is rarely known. yoga movement which involves breath control, meditation, posture, and accuracy can improve your mental and physical health.

Several studies have shown that yoga can reduce the frequency, duration, and intensity of migraine symptoms. Yoga is also reported to reduce anxiety and tension in the area of migraines.

So far there have been no medical studies that actually prove yoga can cure migraines. Even so, the benefits of yoga for overall body health have doubts about it.

6. Pay attention to your food intake

Magnesium deficiency can trigger migraine headaches and recurrence. Research shows that taking magnesium oxide supplementation may help prevent migraine with aura appear.

Taking supplements that contain magnesium can also prevent migraines triggered aka PMS menstrual pain.

However, you can also get a natural source of magnesium from the food you consume daily. There are many foods that you can consume magnesium:

  • Avocado
  • Banana
  • Dark green leafy vegetables, such as spinach, broccoli, and cabbage
  • Soy
  • Wheat
  • Some types of fish, such as salmon
  • Milk and milk products

Regardless of magnesium, you also need to ensure an adequate intake of omega-3 acids.

Because some of the causes of migraine headaches can be caused by inflammation.

Now, foods high in healthy omega-3 fats have long been known to reduce the effects of inflammation in the body.

Indirectly, one healthy fat can also be a natural migraine medication.

This is shown in a migraine study published in the Journal of Iranian Nursing and Midwifery Research.

In a research note that people who rarely eat omega-3, migraines recur more often than they eat regular food sources of omega-3.

Healthy fatty fish such as salmon, tuna, sardines, and mackerel, as well as eggs, olive oil, avocado, spinach, almonds and walnuts, and soybeans is an example of a high source of omega-3 foods that can be a natural migraine medication.

The list of foods and beverages that cause migraines

Migraine can be defined as a powerful headache that can make someone stop moving. But until now no study has managed to find what causes migraines.

This condition often results when a person experiences stress, but eating some foods containing such substances is also expected to trigger migraines.

But until now no study has managed to find what causes migraines. This condition often results when a person experiences stress, but eating some foods containing such substances is also expected to trigger migraines.

The relationship with the occurrence of migraine diet has a complicated mechanism and everyone has a vulnerability and substances that can trigger each.

Foods that cause migraine can work in a variety of ways, including:

Foods that can trigger a migraine if there are other triggering factors

Such as consumption while undergoing hormonal changes during menstruation, stress or when depressed.

In addition to the habit of skipping meals, an increase or decrease in blood sugar and dehydration also can trigger a migraine.

The occurrence of migraine is determined by how much food is consumed

The majority of migraine triggers that are safe to eat small amounts, but the effect can be different if consumed in larger portions.

Migraines can begin from food intolerance reactions

Such as an allergic reaction to foods often have experience in people with a gluten allergy and gluten can trigger symptoms of migraine.

But that does not mean migraine is directly affected by the condition because basically change the biology and physiology of the body due to the consumption of foods can trigger migraines.

It is not known exactly when migraines are caused by food appears. This is because the food is digested in various ways and number, making it very hard for what food we eat can trigger a migraine.

But the effect of food on migraines usually occur after 12-24 hours after ingestion.

What kind of food causes migraines?
Some of the substances contained in food can trigger changes in the flow, and thus potentially trigger migraines in a person at risk, here are some foods that can trigger migraines:

Chocolate

Chocolate has a substance suspected as the cause of migraines such as phenylethylamine, tyramine, and flavonoids. Unlike the two other substances, tyramine is an important substance for migraine triggers that can cause hormonal changes in the brain and affects blood flow.

Excessive consumption of chocolate is also more likely to occur when a person is stressed or menstruation, which also tends to trigger migraines.

Unlike the two other substances, tyramine is an important substance for migraine triggers that can cause hormonal changes in the brain and affects blood flow.

Excessive consumption of chocolate is also more likely to occur when a person is stressed or menstruation, which also tends to trigger migraines.

Cheese

In the same chocolate, cheese is a food that has tyramine and can trigger migraines in people who are sensitive to tyramine or may experience changes in blood flow.

Fatty foods

Migraine is most commonly experienced by someone on a high-fat diet.

This is because some types of fat in food can trigger the production of prostaglandin hormone that causes blood vessels to dilate, causing changes in blood flow that triggers migraines and headaches.

Processed meat

Processed meat is one of the foods that are known to contain a preservative. One type is used preservatives are nitrate compounds have the same effect as other substances that trigger a migraine to dilate blood vessels.

Processed meat is known as a trigger for migraine comes from the 1970 report of the case studies reported in which a person has a headache due to the consumption of hot dogs.

As far as processed meat is regarded as a trigger migraines in people who are sensitive to nitrate compounds.
One type is used preservatives are nitrate compounds have the same effect as other substances that trigger a migraine to dilate blood vessels

Certain Beverages Can Also Cause Migraines

As a trigger for migraines, tyramine can affect brain serotonin hormone balance and blood vessel dilation.

Tyramine not only in food but also in some types of beverages such as red wine and other alcoholic beverages.

In addition, some types of drinks can trigger headaches in some way, such as:

Contain artificial sweeteners

Aspartame is a common sweetener in foods and beverages and can cause intolerance effects in people who are sensitive to artificial sweeteners.

Addiction trigger symptoms

Withdrawal of alcohol and caffeine can trigger symptoms such as migraine if you are not using these substances at any time.

Too cold temperatures

cold food or drinks can trigger the symptoms of a mild headache and someone who is sensitive to temperature changes, eating ice cream, frozen yogurt, and ice chewing can be the cause of migraines.