Dandruff is a common thing found in many people. There are also many myths circulating in the community about dandruff, ranging from dandruff caused hair loss, dandruff is an infectious disease, and more.
In fact, these oily scales are not always limited to the scalp. Dandruff is also commonly found on the eyebrows, around the ears, along the sides of the nose, to the armpits – places usually produce a large amount of oil.
One thing is certain, hair loss does not mean you are a dirty person rarely bathing, because dandruff can be found in a clean scalp.
Myth #1: A dry scalp that causes dandruff?
Dandruff and scalp dry scalp are two different things that are not related at all. Dry scalp is caused by the loss of natural moisture of the oil glands of the scalp in number and makes the skin surface to be rough, tight, and flaky.
In contrast, dandruff (Pityriasis capillitii simplex), is a natural process cycle scalp rejuvenation accelerated as a result of several possible factors, including:
Seborrheic dermatitis – a common condition causing oily skin; People with seborrheic dermatitis can also experience peeling in other body parts such as eyebrows, both sides of the nose, and other areas of skinfold, such as the armpits.
Malassezia – a type of harmless fungus that lives on the scalp. But if the growth of this fungus becomes unmanageable, it can accelerate the production of new skin cells. Both are considered related. Levels fungal population outside the tolerance limit cause the scalp hair to become fat, as a defense reaction of the body’s immune system to avoid irritation leather. Oily scalp creates a comfortable place for fungi and stimulates faster growth, causing dead skin cells to peel faster.
The type and texture of dandruff flakes are not the same as the dead skin flakes due to dry skin. Dandruff flakes are larger and not easily crumble out of the scalp.
Myth #2: Do not shampoo hair too often?
Wash your hair too often can cause irritation, dry scalp and natural hair oils disappear. In fact, if you are arrogant, less frequent shampooing will only aggravate your dandruff.
Stuart H. Kaplan, M.D., Beverly Hills dermatologist, as reported by everydayhealth.com said Oil and dead skin cells that are left to accumulate on the scalp will provide unlimited food for fungi (Malassezia)
Regular shampoos can reduce the number of chips, but not completely eliminate the fungus that causes dandruff. To get rid of dandruff shampoo daily Kaplan recommends using a special anti-dandruff shampoo containing ketoconazole, selenium sulfide, or zinc.
Do not forget to apply an anti-dandruff conditioner after shampooing, especially if your hair type is rough and dry.
Myth #3: Does the dandruff cause of hair fall?
Hair loss is very normal and is not only found in people who suffer from dandruff. Hair loss is not caused by dandruff but can be caused by the excessive habit of scratching the itchy scalp due to dandruff.
When we scratch the scalp, this action causes broken hair. Other causes of hair loss are stress, diet, and health of your scalp.
Myth #4: Are Dandruff infectious diseases?
This is not true. Dandruff is not contagious. Malassezia fungi live on the scalp everybody, then we all have the same potential to experience dandruff.
Generally, this fungus will not cause any problems at all. However, the risk will be greater dandruff and may recur if you are sensitive to yeast and fungi.
You do not need to wait until dandruff appears to initiate a scalp treatment and prevent dandruff coming back.
Kaplan explained, foods high in saturated fat can trigger excess sebum production which can worsen your dandruff symptoms. Therefore, you should replace high-fat meals with fresh vegetables and fruits that are rich in iron, vitamin E, and B. Also, multiply eat foods high in probiotics, such as yogurt, to help control the growth of fungi.
Another possible cause of dandruff, including:
- Regular use of styling products (hairspray, gel, mousse) – active and harsh chemicals can trigger skin irritation or inflammation.
- The weather is too hot climate – Malassezia fungus grows well in hot and humid climates, for example after a hot day on the road or sweating after exercise.
- Psoriasis or eczema, two conditions that cause dry skin, reddened and scaly skin.
- A weakened immune system.
- For unknown reasons, people with neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, stroke, or severe head trauma often experience dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis.