Stress can affect many bodily functions, including the cause of shortness of breath, even if you don’t suffer from respiratory problems. In fact, some of them experience severe shortness of breath when under stress. So what causes this?
Stress and Shortness of breath
When faced with a stressful situation, your brain is in a fight or position (fight or flight). The hypothalamus in the brain, the part that stimulates hormone production, then sends signals to the adrenal glands to release the hormones cortisol and adrenaline.
Both hormones enhance various bodily functions, including heart rate to increase blood flow to vital organs. Respiratory rate will also increase dramatically to meet the needs of oxygen throughout the body quickly.
This mechanism is really useful for preparing the body in response to danger. But at the same time, stress hormones can reduce airway muscles and blood vessels.
Breathing also becomes ineffective because it unconsciously breathes in briefly and quickly, not slowly and deeply as under normal conditions. All these changes ultimately have no air when under stress.
Also when you are stressed, you may also have difficulty breathing when you panic, anxiety, anxiety or even sad you feel. The third condition is that the same hormone triggers a reaction that has the same effect on the body.
Is it dangerous?
Stress is the body’s natural response when it comes to stressful problems or situations. Short-term stress can even help you take quick action in a crisis situation.
Shortness of breath and other symptoms that you experience will gradually increase the stress factor to disappear mode. As long as it appears only occasionally, shortness of breath when stress is not a health problem to worry about.
This new situation is different when under constant stress, also known as chronic stress. This condition is characterized by symptoms of stress that do not improve or always experience every day.
In contrast to short-term stress, chronic stress can cause physical or psychological health problems. In addition to shortness of breath, you may experience chronic stress if the following symptoms:
- Excessive Anxiety and Anxiety
- Symptoms of Depression
Difficulty breathing due to stress can also be dangerous if people suffering from respiratory illnesses are experienced. Especially asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The reason is, this condition will worsen the existing symptoms.
Overcoming shortness of breath
The stress and lack of air that accompanies it cannot be prevented, but you can try to relieve it with simple relaxation techniques. When stress starts hitting, find a quiet place to get more relaxed.
Then follow the steps as follows:
- Tighten the muscles in your body, and then let it relax again
- Imagine that your muscles are slowly loosening and your body is starting to feel heavy
- Clear your mind of all thoughts
- Let your body relax
- Try to feel calm around
After the relaxation time is over, your consciousness moves back to your hands and feet. Stretch your body and move like an ordinary back.
Difficulty breathing when stress is caused by the hormones cortisol and adrenaline in your body. This is a normal condition that will improve by itself. You also do not need to worry as long as shortness of breath, only occasionally.
However, you should consult with your doctor if breathing difficulties occur ongoing or worsen the symptoms of respiratory illness you are suffering from. Other tests will help you find the right treatment.