How to Prevent and Eradicate Head Lice in Children

Head lice are very contagious and can spread quickly from person to person, especially in cluster environments, such as schools, daycare centers, sports activities, and camps. Also, bad news, how to get rid of lice is also not easy. Even though lice cannot fly or jump, small parasites have claws that allow them to crawl and cling firmly to the hair. Head lice mainly spread through head to head contact, but contact with clothing, bedsheets, combs, and hats can also make head lice hair.

In this case, children are most vulnerable to head lice because they tend to have close physical contact with each other and share their personal belongings. Therefore, parents must be aware of the health condition of the child’s hair by removing head lice if the child has been infected and preventing it from returning again.

How to get rid of lice

You will hear many conflicting recommendations when dealing with head lice. Even official health sources such as government agencies and professional associations have different opinions. In addition, friends, relatives, and other resources online to offer all types of home remedies and alternative medicines.

Here are some options for how to treat head lice that are recommended:

1. Combine hair combs and head lice remedies

Many parents take this approach. The thing that needs to be prepared is a drug pharmacy for head lice and lice combs (combs that have a very dense shape between the teeth and are used to remove head lice). Then, apply medication for the hair and comb your child’s hair using lice comb from the roots of the hair to the ends of the hair.

2. Using over-the-counter medicines for lice

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) in 2010 reported that eliminating head lice was the most effective way to use pediculicides. Usually, this substance is contained in rinse creams, shampoos, gels, mousses, or other hair products. AAP is recommended to use it in accordance with the instructions of the product and use it in the ninth to catch lice that may hatch.

3. Uses lice comb

The National Pediculosis Association is a group that supports the way to get rid of lice by using lice comb compared to using a pediculicide that contains pesticides which are potentially dangerous for children.

4. Implement alternative methods

Various alternative tick repellents in drug stores and online stores can be found. However, these products are not necessarily recommended by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) and so it is not known that they are safe and effective (and some can contain toxic substances, so you must be careful choosing these products to be applied to children). Overcoming lice with a simple home method that is often used starting from using a blow dryer with olive oil, baby oil, and petroleum jelly is a popular thing among the people, but it is not scientifically tested.

How to prevent children from getting head lice

The following are some simple ways to get rid of head lice and nits while helping to prevent head lice in children as follows:

  • Wash sheets, pillowcases, and clothes recently worn by your child affected by head lice using hot water (54.5 ° C), then dry in a drying machine with hot air or keep in the sun for 20 minutes.
  • Put clean, dry, feathery objects that can be washed (like a doll) in an airtight bag for three days.
  • Vacuum on the carpet and all upholstered furniture in the house or car, then clean the bag of dirt in the vacuum cleaner.
  • Soak used hair care tools, such as combs, hair clips, hair ties, headbands, and brushes in liquid alcohol or shampoo containing medicine for 1 hour. You can also wash it in hot water.
  • Because head lice are easily spread to others, especially in the house, all residents of the house are also required to take care to prevent lice from coming back.

Before removing head lice on your child’s hair, it’s a good idea to check all family members for head lice. Because lice are easily moved, do treatment together to avoid the return of lice and the results can also be maximized.