Retinol or retinoids are active compounds contained in skincare products, for example, serum or essence. Many people believe that retinol can make a face so bright, clean, and radiant
What is retinol?
Quoted from the Harvard Medical School page, retinol or retinoids are substances made from vitamin A. Retinol was originally used as an acne drug in the era of the 1970s. As time goes by, researchers have discovered other benefits of retinol, one of which is to prevent aging.Retinol is divided into several types. Some are called tretinoin, adapalene, tazarotene, alitretinoin, and bexarotene. All types of retinol contain vitamin A which can help overcome skin problems.Beauty products that contain retinol are available in creams, gels, and liquids.
So what are the benefits of retinol for the skin?Treat acne
A quick treatment product containing retinol is most often prescribed by doctors for mild to moderate acne.The benefits of retinol in acne are opening up the pores so that acne drug substances can soak into the skin better to kill bacteria.In addition, retinol can also reduce oil production on the face and prevent skin inflammation.In order to get the maximum benefit from retinol for acne, apply this drug to the skin once a day for about 20 minutes after cleansing your face.
Prevents wrinkles on the face due to aging
The benefits of retinol are in the type of tretinoin, this benefit can prevent the appearance of wrinkles or fine lines on the face. Tretinoin works by increasing the production of new collagen in the skin. In addition, retinol also stimulates blood flow to the skin so that it can make the skin look rosy.Other benefits of retinol are fading black spots due to skin aging and reducing precancerous skin spots called actinic keratosis.
Tretinoin can help prevent the more serious effects of ultraviolet radiation on facial skin.In order to get the most out of the benefits of retinol, doctors will also prescribe skincare agents such as Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHA) to help smooth the skin. Apply an anti-aging cream that contains retinol to the skin that needs extra care such as face, neck, hands, to the skin of your arms at least twice a week.
Controlling the symptoms of psoriasis
Retinoids are also useful for slowing the growth of skin cells in people with psoriasis. Doctors recommend applying a small drop of a retinol cream, once a day before bedtime. Retinol creams or gels for psoriasis are also often combined with steroid treatment.
Doctors often recommend a prescription for the treatment of warts with creams containing retinol to treat warts. The way these cream works is by interfering with the growth of wart cells.Retinol for the treatment of warts should be obtained by prescription and the proper method of use from the doctor’s recommendation. The cream may need prolonged use for several months until warts disappear.
Side effects and warnings of retinol use
Although it has many benefits, retinol also has side effects. Among others:
- Dry and irritated skin
- Changes in skin color
- The skin experiences sensitivity to sunlight and is flammable
- The skin becomes red, swollen, hard, or blistered
To minimize the side effects of retinol, you should avoid direct sunlight when using retinol cream, especially at 10 am and 2 pm Don’t forget to use SPF 30 cream or higher and also a moisturizer to prevent dry skin which can inhibit the work of retinol.
You can also use a hat as a face shield or a mask. To cover the sun to the body, wear clothes with long sleeves and long pants.The benefits of retinol can only be obtained with the recommended dosage and method of use. Excessive use will trigger side effects. So, never use any product especially retinol with more doses or use it more often than prescribed by the doctor.