These are the 4 symptoms that need to be watched out for. Along with the increased risk of skin cancer due to UV exposure, sunscreen (sunscreen) becomes one of a series of skin treatments that must be used every day.
Unfortunately, not everyone can use sunscreen safely. Yes, for some people, the chemicals contained in sunscreen can actually trigger allergic reactions. Allergy symptoms caused by sunscreen can range from mild to severe.
Causes of sunscreen allergy
Just like other allergies, sunscreen allergies can occur when you have a sensitivity to one of the many ingredients contained in sunscreen. Yes, some people may have a reaction to fragrances, preservatives, UV absorbers, or other components contained in sunscreen.
According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, some chemicals that often cause allergic reactions in some people include:
- PABA (para-aminobenzoic acid)
Symptoms of sunscreen allergy
Symptoms of sunscreen allergy can be different in each person. Some people can experience allergic symptoms immediately after using sunscreen. Others may react a few days or even years after using the same sunscreen.
In general, here are the symptoms of sunscreen allergy that you need to be aware of.
- Reddish rash on the skin
- The skin feels itchy and painful
- Swelling occurred
- Liquid filled blisters appear
Sometimes, a person may not experience an allergic reaction until sunscreen that has been applied to his skin is exposed to sunlight. This type of reaction in medical terms is called photoallergic contact dermatitis.
Risk factors for sunscreen allergy
Basically, anyone can experience sun allergy. However, there are a number of people who are most at risk of sunscreen allergy, including:
- Women, because various skincare products or cosmetics are more widely used by women than men.
- Have a history of sun allergy
- Having sensitive skin types.
- Have a history of atopic dermatitis.
- Apply sunscreen to damaged or exposed skin.
- People who work outdoors, such as construction workers and road cleaners.
How to deal with sunscreen allergy
How to relieve symptoms of sun allergy is actually the same as other skin allergies. The first thing you should do is stop using it immediately if you have allergic symptoms as mentioned above.
In mild cases, the red rash on the skin can subside by itself without special treatment. While in moderate to severe cases, you may need a topical or oral steroid drug to reduce inflammation and other reactions. Oral antihistamines can also be used to help reduce itching and allergic symptoms.
However, before using these medicines, make sure you consult your doctor first. If you buy over-the-counter medicines without a doctor’s prescription, read the medication instructions carefully so that the risk of side effects can be avoided.
In addition to taking medicine, you should also avoid sun exposure for a while or until your skin is completely healed. Depending on the severity, you may need several days to fully recover.
Don’t hesitate to consult a dermatologist
Sunscreen allergy is rare, but if you are worried about it, do not hesitate to consult a dermatologist. Your doctor can do a series of tests to determine whether there are allergic reactions that appear on certain ingredients in sunscreen products.
If after testing it turns out you are positive for an allergy to sunscreen, your doctor will recommend other sunscreen products with ingredients that are safer to use for you.